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K314

Albinism is characterised by a lack of pigment in hair, skin and eyes and can occur in variable forms.

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Specifications

Breeds

Gene

Organ

specimen

Swab, Blood EDTA, Blood Heparin, Semen, Tissue

Mode of Inheritance

Chromosome

Also known as

Year Published

General information

Albinism is characterised by a lack of pigment in hair, skin and eyes and can occur in variable forms. It is shown that the Siamese and Burmese coat patterns are controlled by the gene TYR (tyrosinase) which produces an enzyme that is required for melanin production. This gene is also known as Colour gene or C-locus.

Clinical features

Complete albinism in cats is hypothesized to be caused by an additional allele at TYR, contributing to the allelic series at the colour (C) locus: C (full colour) > cb (burmese) > cs (siamese) > c (complete albino). It is a cytosine deletion and shows an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance.

Additional information

References

Pubmed ID: 16573534

Omia ID: 202

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