Interpretation Testresults

Availability of DNA tests Nowadays, scientific articles do not often publish mutations that are also present in other breeds. Therefore, mutations that are described and validated in one breed can also be found in other breeds. The occurrence of these mutations in other breeds is determined by laboratories that carry...

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Autosomal, recessive mutation

AUTOSOMAL, RECESSIVE MUTATION Autosomal, recessive inheritance means that an animal may be clear (normal homozygote), affected (abnormal homozygote) or carrier (heterozygote). Carriers can pass on the mutation in the population without themselves developing the symptoms. This makes it especially important for carriers to be identified in order to prevent the disease from...

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Autosomal, dominant mutation

Autosomal, dominant inheritance means that an animal may be clear (normal homozygote), affected (abnormal homozygote) or carrier (heterozygote). Carriers and affected will both have the symptoms of the mutation. Explanation for veterinarians: • An animal is CLEAR/NORMAL and has two healthy alleles (normal homozygote). The animal will not acquire any symptoms....

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Gender-related (x-linked) conditions

These are usually illnesses where the gene is located on the sex chromosomes (X-chromosome and Y-chromosome). A female animal has two X-chromosomes, whereas a male animal has only one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome. Inheritance for daughters: see other inheritance, either autosomal, recessive or autosomal, dominant. Below the table for inheritance...

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